Managing Blood Sugar

Maintaining and Control of Blood Sugar

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body isn’t able to remove sugar from your blood for use elsewhere. This can happen if your body stops being sensitive to insulin or if it starts to respond in a delayed or exaggerated way to changes in your blood sugar. An elevated blood sugar level that signals diabetes is a reading over 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) for a fasting blood test or over 200 mg/dL at any time during the day.

Beyond the effects of diabetes itself, unchecked high blood sugar gradually damages the blood vessels in your body. Over the long term, this slow, progressive harm can lead to a dangerous loss of sensation in your legs and feet, a loss of eyesight and kidney function, and an increased risk for heart disease and stroke.


Keeping blood sugar stable can help prevent long-term consequences of fluctuations. High blood sugar can cause a number of symptoms that include:


Increased thirst

Blurry vision & Frequent urination

On the flip side, if you’re not closely monitoring your blood sugar levels, they can drop too low. Warning signs of low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, include:

Dizziness & Irritability


Weakness & Lack of coordination


Follow these specific strategies to help control blood sugar:

  • Exercise – A regular exercise program has been shown to help manage blood sugar levels over time, and taking a varied approach to fitness is good for diabetes and health in general.
  • Loose Weight – If you’re overweight, it will be easier to stabilize blood sugar more effectively if you lose even a few pounds.
  • Diet – Many people with diabetes achieve better control over their blood sugar by limiting the kinds of foods that can cause blood sugar to spike.
  • Don’t skip meals – It’s important to spread out your daily food intake, starting with breakfast. Consuming more food in just one or two meals a day causes greater fluctuations in blood sugar levels.
  • Plan ahead – Anticipate the unexpected and carry healthy snacks that can prevent your blood sugar level from dropping too low.
  • Medications – Your doctor may recommend different types of medications at different times during your diabetes treatment.
  • Asking more questions. Don’t be shy about asking your doctor or diabetes educator about how to interpret blood sugar numbers or for clearer instructions to help stabilize blood sugar.

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